The security challenges vary greatly by location. The first step in security risk management focuses on identifying and assessing the likelihood of all potential security risks. Comprehensive security risk assessments on an ongoing basis are critical for all phases of the mining cycle from exploration or acquisition to closure. Risk assessment process engages all relevant business functions to ensure a comprehensive and coordinated approach. This also helps ensure that performance indicators for security management are directly aligned with business and site objectives. By identifying and evaluating potential risks, it develops a risk profile for each location. The risk profile provides an in-depth understanding of the site’s security needs that allows for optimal deployment of human and financial security resources.

Many risks can be reduced or eliminated by proper layout, system design, and procedures; therefore, information from the risk assessment is integrated into development process to establish the security requirements during the initial stages of a new project. Each identified risk is assessed to determine if it can be accepted, eliminated or controlled. Only those of low consequence and low likelihood are considered acceptable. Where it is not practicable to eliminate a risk, specific control measures are considered to mitigate or manage the risk. Conducts security reviews periodically to ensure that security plans and measures remain appropriate to changing conditions.

Computer security management, also known as information technology (IT) security, is a growing field used in numerous governmental agencies and private enterprises. As a computer security specialist, you analyze, maintain and protect computer network systems to preserve important data and information from viruses or hacking. Your job may include encrypting networks, monitoring data, performing risk assessment and erecting firewalls. Oftentimes, computer security managers provide training and communications to co-workers on security issues

Types of computer security risks include virus, spyware, and malware. However, those are only the tip of iceberg. To help you understand types of computer security, I have divided the entire theory into the following three parts:

1. Internet and Network Security

2. Standalone Computer Security

3. Data Loss by Accidents

Internet Security is the one most people are concerned with as it deals with malware and hackers. The next type of computer security, Network Security, deals with the security problems on networks of any size. This includes external problems as well as problems from users of computers inside the network. Standalone computers refer to computers that are not connected to any network (but may be connected to Internet). This part will cover the possible security vulnerabilities on such systems. Finally, the Data Loss part is applicable to networks and computers in the networks as well as standalone computers.

As companies continue to send vital information on the internet that can affect the outcome of governments, markets, and industries alike, it’s more important than ever to have a solid security strategy in place. The marketplace has reflected this need over the last ten years, with a growing number of network security solutions being developed that offer threat and intrusion detection. Companies like Dell introduced their SecureWorks software, and products like FireEye and Palo Alto also gained traction as new ways to protect your network from intrusion. Vendors like Cisco and Fortinet even went as far as building intrusion prevention software modules into their hardware to support the ever-increasing need for security.

Unfortunately, these are all enterprise-level security solutions that only customers with the right budget can afford.What about small-to-medium sized businesses (SMBs) that still need a way to identify potential security threats? Hackers are increasingly targeting smaller businesses, instinctively knowing that those companies will be the least equipped to handle attacks. What’s more, maintaining a secure network isn’t purely a business concern anymore. Hackers can also use a home network as a vehicle to access larger networks, stealing critical information from anyone at any time.

Because SMBs might not have the budget to support enterprise security solutions, they need to assess what other options exist in the marketplace. Can network monitoring software; for example, identify security threats at a lower cost? Before we can understand whether or not network monitoring tools are up to the task, we first need to understand the reality of today’s increasingly frequent security breaches.

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