Aquaculture and Fish Farming Products

Here we shall the list of all the Aquaculture and fish Farming Products you need.

At Southern Africa Youth Business we list all the Fish Farming products that you needs to ensure your farm runs smooth.

Let us get into it:

  • Water Pump
  • Water Filter
  • UV Light
  • Filter Sand
  • Bricks
  • Cement 32.5 or 42.5
  • Pond Cement (Black)
  • Water Pipes
  • Connectors
  • Glue
  • Stopper
  • Water Valve
  • Borehole or Municipality Water
  • Water Heater for cold areas
  • Water Tank
  • Labour

We supply all the Aquaculture and Fish Farming products.

Send an email to info@southernafricayouth.orgfor a quote

Japanese Koi fish in pond
Learn more about Fish Farming Products and more
Seafood Fish

What fish to use

What fish to use?   The choice of species for culture is of special importance. The most common fish for extensive or semi-intensive aquaculture in Africa is tilapia. The name refers to a whole group (tribe) of fish living in very different biological surroundings. Tilapias are indigenous in Africa, but only a few of them

Alive young crucian carp diving in river water under surface

Site selection for pond culture

Site selection for pond culture The most common and easiest system to grow tilapia is the earth pond system. Choosing an appropriate location for the ponds is essential to ensure the permanent provision of water, minimize construction costs, allow easy management and avoid loss of water through seepage. Location – The fish ponds are ideally

Proper establishment of fish ponds

The first question related to the construction of a pond refers to the size and number of ponds needed: If fish production will mainly only serve household needs and the fingerlings will be purchased from a hatchery, then only two ponds will be If a fish farming activity is intended that is independent of hatcheries,

Key requirements for growing fish in a pond

Key requirements for growing fish in a pond Digging a hole in the ground, filling it with water and throwing some fish into it will not alone lead to success. To be successful, pond fish farming requires proper planning before starting. Land and labour – Before starting, the land and labour costs need to be

Proper integration of aquaculture into the farming system

Proper integration of aquaculture into the farming system Proper integration of aquaculture into the farming systems is the primary aim in organic aquaculture in order to ensure sustainable production. Besides this, other aims of organic aquaculture include: producing fish with minimal negative effects on the environment; producing fish that contain as low as possible levels

Challenges to aquaculture in Africa

Challenges to aquaculture in Africa Aquaculture or fish farming, in particular in Africa, is still facing several challenges, some of which include: Limited knowledge on fish farming – There is a general lack of adequately trained personnel to undertake aquaculture extension activities with farmers as well as limited access to good quality information. The few

Financial planning in Fish Farming

Financial planning Starting an aquaculture business can be an expensive exercise. It is important that you first acknowledge that starting an aquaculture business is a big decision and requires serious commitment. Like any other business venture, some research needs to be done before money is invested. Depending on what you intend to use the fish

Important aspects in planning an aquaculture business

Important aspects in planning an aquaculture business   Skills: Aquaculture, like agriculture, requires knowledge of the biology of the species cultured. A project started by unskilled or untrained staff is unlikely to have any chance of Formal organization: Any business needs formal organization and division of Some people have technical skills, others know office or

Basics of Fish farming business planning key questions

Basics of business planning: key questions Aquaculture is no different from agriculture when considering whether or not a proposed venture is worth doing. Just as a farmer is not going to buy cattle if grazing is unavailable, nor plant crops if suitable arable land is not available, nor should he/she consider aquaculture if sufficient water

the harvest of farmed fish-over 40's

Business planning in Fish Farming

Business planning You may have read many magazine or newspaper articles that promise a bright future for aquaculture. The technology, growth processes, challenges and potential rewards are exciting. At the same time you must remember that aquaculture is a risky business, so inadequate preparation of a business plan will hurt in two fundamental ways. First,

Fish farm cages on bay in Mediterranean sea, Greece

How can pond aquaculture production be increased simply, without high-tech input

Q: How can pond aquaculture production be increased simply, without high-tech input? A: By using fertilizers to increase natural food productivity, and by using polyculture of species that feed on different organisms. Integrated aquaculture using farm wastes such as manure, vegetable clippings or edible by-products of other farming activities (such as brewery waste), can also

How can production be increased in ponds

Q: How can production be increased in ponds? A: In general, production is increased by improving water quality, so that fish can be held more intensively, and by increasing food quality and quantity. This has to be balanced against input and running costs such that the venture is not over-capitalized in terms of expensive technology.

Irrigation of farmlands and fish farming

Irrigation of farmlands and fish farming If the ponds are built so that the water level is higher than the crop fields, it is possible to drain the water to irrigate the farmlands. This has a number of benefits. First, the water is reused, which is important in southern Africa due to the limited supply

Polyculture Fish Farming

Polyculture Polyculture is culturing two different species at the same time. The two species use the same space but because they have different habits and diets, they do not negatively affect each other. In many cases the growth of the different fish is better than when they are grown alone in the same pond. This

Monoculture in Fish Farming

Monoculture The most commonly farmed fish in Africa is tilapia. The most frequently used species is Oreochromis niloticus stocked at 1-2 fingerlings per m2, with an average stocking size of 5-10 g each. The ponds are fertilized with manure or compost and the fish are fed irregularly using locally available ingredients. The production cycle lasts

Increasing the production from ponds

Increasing the production from ponds To increase the production of a pond, a fish farmer has a number of options available. These include combining different species of fish (polyculture) or growing fish along with other domestic animals (integrated aquaculture).

What are the disadvantages of cages

Q: What are the disadvantages of cages? A: The set-up  costs can be high initially; these include the costs of building large robust cages  that can withstand rough weather. Cage culture can be prone to damage and there is a risk of escape of the entire stock should the cage break or be damaged by

Floating Fishing Village - Uganda, Africa

Can ornamental fish be reared in cages

Q: Can ornamental fish be reared in cages? A: Yes, very successfully. Simple netting ‘hapas’ are widely used in the Far East to separate numerous species raised in nutrient-rich ponds for ornamental fish, and this reduces the number of expensive containments required to separate the many species often raised by ornamental fish farms.

What species of fish are suitable for cage culture

Q: What species of fish are suitable for cage culture? A: Species that grow well on artificial manmade diets are some of the best candidates for cage culture. This is because many of the health and growth requirements of the fish have been experimentally determined and the feed formulation can be optimized for variable conditions.

When/why should cage culture be considered

Q: When/why should cage culture be considered? A: Cage culture is an alternative to building containments for fish aquaculture (ponds, tanks, etc.). Pre-existing water bodies such as dams, lakes, estuaries or the sea are used for cage culture. This means that no capital is required for additional building containment (such as plumbing or filtration) other

Types of fish cages

Types of cages Small cages Most people assume that fish cages are all very large and expensive. This is not true. In the Far East, many ornamental fish are cultured in small   mesh cages called pen-nets or ‘hapas’ which are often set together in groups in fertilized ponds or small dams. Pen-nets are staked

The advantages of fish cages

The advantages of fish cages Cages are less expensive than building ponds, dams and other Cages can make use of existing water bodies (such as lakes, dams or the sea) that have good water quality. Cages do not require land-ownership and can be moved to the most suitable Cages protect fish from predators and Cages

Cage culture of fish

Cage culture of fish Cages are widely used around the world to culture fish in natural or artificial water bodies. The use of cages in aquaculture has several advantages which are summarized below. Cages have some disadvantages, such as not allowing the fish access to the substratum from which they can feed or seek refuge,

How many fingerlings can I get from one spawning

Q: How many fingerlings can I get from one spawning? A: A mouth-brooding O. mossambicus of around 500 g may spawn up to 500 eggs, a substrate- spawning Tilapia rendalli may produce up to 3000 fry. Barbel and carp can produce several hundred thousand fry per spawning from a 3-4 kg female. Trout may produce

Will trout breed naturally in dams or tanks

Q: Will trout breed naturally in dams or tanks? A: No, in South Africa, only rare wild populations of trout, in certain rivers where environmental conditions are perfect, breed naturally. Most farmed trout are stripped and then artificially reared from the fertilized egg stage.

Can I mix the juveniles of tilapia

Q: Can I mix the juveniles of tilapia, carp and barbel together in a pond? A: Yes, to some extent this is polyculture and their slightly different feeding habits can give a higher overall production from the pond (in theory). However, barbel tend to produce ‘shoots’ which rapidly outgrow the others, and cannibalism may cause

Will barbel (C. gariepinus) breed naturally in ponds

Q: Will barbel (C. gariepinus) breed naturally in ponds, and will I get lots of fingerlings from them? A: Barbel will sometimes spawn wild in ponds, but production will be very low and most will be lost to predators and cannibalism. Cultured barbel need to be spawned artificially.

Fish hatchery pond

Can I breed tilapia (O. mossambicus) in a pond

Q: Can I breed tilapia (O. mossambicus) in a pond? A: Yes, but you will have little control over production, and collection of the fry will be difficult as you will not be able to separate the fry from the adults if you drain the pond, and many will likely be lost in the mud.

Senior fisherman holding red fish

Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) The spawning of trout is done by artificial methods in a way very similar to that for carp, whereby the males are stripped of their milt and this mixed with stripped eggs from ripe females. Trout eggs are relatively large and robust (in the wild the adults bury them under fine gravel

Small catfish Corydoras frontal closeup with blurred natural background.

Carp (Cyprinus carpio)

Carp (Cyprinus carpio) Female adult carp are kept separately during winter, after which time their eggs will ripen. Once water temperatures rise above 20oC in spring, shallow breeding ponds (<1 m deep) can be prepared; these usually include a crop of grass or other vegetation that the carp can fix their spawn onto when introduced.

Tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus)

Tilapia (Oreochromis mossambicus) One of the inherent disadvantages of tilapia as an aquaculture species is its tendency to breed at an early age and small size, and thus overpopulate ponds with small fish. However, the availability and quality of tilapia fingerlings achieve this, tilapia can be bred during winter in indoor tunnel-covered tanks where the

Single fresh catfish

Barbel Fish (Clarias gariepinus)

Barbel Fish (Clarias gariepinus) Barbel are spawned artificially in aquaculture as natural spawning is haphazard and uncontrollable. Ripe fish of 2-4 kg are used and kept under prime conditions until the water temperatures reach the mid 20s˚C. Females will be noticeably swollen in the belly with thousands of ripened eggs, and the ovipositor will look

Maintenance of fish broodstock

Maintenance of fish broodstock One of the essentials of good animal husbandry is the high-quality care taken of broodstock year round. Emaciated or diseased stock can hardly be expected to perform well when called upon to breed, so the conditions under which breeder fish are kept is paramount to their performance. Generally, with the exception

Man fishing by the lake-Fish Broodstock selection

Fish Broodstock selection

Fish Broodstock selection A classic mistake made in fish farming is assuming that all fish of one species are the same. In any type of farming, be it stock (cattle, sheep, goats, chickens, pigs) or crops (maize, cotton, sorghum, fruit), selection of the founder stock is highly important. So it is with fish. Too often

How can I prevent disease from spreading from pond to pond

Q: How can I prevent disease from spreading from pond to pond? A: If fish in a particular pond or cage are infected do not use any equipment such as nets or buckets from the infected pond or cage in the other ponds or cages. Try to sterilize all such equipment in acriflavine or permanganate

What do I do when all the fish are seen gasping at the surface

Q: What do I do when all the fish are seen gasping at the surface? A: This is usually a sign of low oxygen content, often seen early in the morning. The water quality is probably low, or the fish containment overstocked. Carry out a partial water change and reduce the stocking load immediately, and

What do I do when the fish seem to be sick

Q: What do I do when the fish seem to be sick? A: The golden rule is to cease feeding as most diseases are a result of poor water quality made worse by excessive feeding, resulting in uneaten feed breaking down into toxic ammonia. Increasing the water flow to dilute toxins or poor water quality

What medicines should be kept on a fish farm

Q: What medicines should be kept on a fish farm? A: In reality very few. Disinfectants such as acriflavine, permanganante of potash or formalin are valuable for sterilizing tanks. Salt is a useful and benign substance that can reduce stress in fish under certain circumstances. Malachite green or methyllene blue crystals are useful in eradicating

How long does fish harvesting take

Q: How long does harvesting take? A: Always longer than you think! Even the draining of a small 0.25-ha pond can take several hours. It is advisable to start draining the pond beforehand to allow more time to catch, clean, and package the fish the following day, and to get them to market that same

A fishing rod and line over a stretch of water by a weir and bridge, and the buildings of a town.

What equipment is required for fish harvesting

Q: What equipment is required for harvesting? A:   Harvesting is impossible with equipment that is in poor condition, such as nets with holes    in them, insufficient buckets or holding containers for the catch, etc. All equipment must be prepared well before, as the fish will be stressed by activities such as emptying the water or

Man fishing by the lake-Fish Broodstock selection

Does one harvest the entire crop of fish

Q: Does one harvest the entire crop of fish? A: You can decide to harvest all the fish at one time only if you are able to handle the logistical possibilities for delivering the harvested catch to the market in good condition. If fish are to be harvested live, then adequate holding facilities need to

Koi pond

What does harvesting involve

Q: What does harvesting involve? A: In a nutshell, harvesting involves the entire or partial collection of the fish from the water- body, be it a dam, pond, tank, cage or raceway. Harvesting will require specific equipment (such as nets and portable tanks, trays, etc.) to be readily at hand.

What size should fish be harvested at

Q: What size should fish be harvested at? A: This aspect depends on the market that you have targeted in your operational plan. If the market is prepared to accept smaller fish, this will make harvesting and handling easier. Rural markets tend to accept fish at smaller sizes (150-300 g) while urban markets often prefer

Managing fish health and diseases

Managing fish health and diseases Under culture conditions fish are more likely to encounter disease as many fish are kept close together, sometimes under stressful conditions. It is therefore very important that farmers carefully watch their fish for any strange behaviour. If disease is detected early it can be treated accordingly; disease treated too late

Smoking the fish

Smoking fish Smoked fish do not last as long as salted fish. This is because they need to be refrigerated, frozen, or canned if they are to be kept for long periods. A smokehouse is used to make smoked fish. A simple smokehouse is a shed or box built over a (controlled) fire so that

Preserving methods for fish

Preserving methods Salting fish Salting is one of the oldest methods of preserving fish. Salting allows a farmer to keep fish for long periods so that they can be used when fresh fish are not available. Salting depends on the species, the size of the fish, and on the amount and quality of the salt

Harvesting from tanks or cages

Harvesting from tanks or cages Catching fish from either tanks or cages is somewhat easier than from large earth ponds. Tanks are drainable and the fish can therefore be caught progressively as the water drops, as opposed to all-at-once in a large seine net. However, the quantity of fish held in large tanks or cages

When do fish first need feeding

Q: When do fish first need feeding? A: In artificial containments such as tanks, raceways or cages there is no or very little natural food, so all the fish’s diet must come from artificial feeds. Fry born into this near sterile environment will need feed as soon as their yolk sac is used up (typically

Klipdam

Can I use ponds that are not drainable

Q: Can I use ponds that are not drainable? A: Basically, all fish ponds must be drained to manage them efficiently because netting can never be 100% efficient. Some fish will remain in the pond after harvest; these will either prey on or compete with newly stocked fingerlings. Also, the pond basin will need remodeling,

Fertilizing ponds with compost

Once the pond is full of water there are a few things that need to be done to ensure that the fish will have a place where they will be unstressed and will grow well. Making sure that there is an abundance of suitable food in the water is an important aspect. With tilapia, carp

VAT Implications of Exports

Do the fish eat the manure or other fertilizer added to a pond,

Q: Do the fish eat the manure or other fertilizer added to a pond, and will this affect their taste when harvested? A: No, the fish do not eat the various fertilizers added to the pond. These fertilizers break down to form the food source for microscopic animals (i.e. zooplankton, like daphnia and copepods) and

measuring the fish

Does one need heavy machinery to make earth ponds

Q:    Does one need heavy machinery to make earth ponds? A:    Small ponds of 10-50 square meters can be made with hand labour, however a tractor with a blade or a dam-scoop can make ponds of up to 0.25 hectare in area or larger. For large ponds, and major earthmoving, a bulldozer may be required.

Fish Tanks and Raceways

Tanks are generally smaller than ponds and are constructed above the ground. They are not in contact with the soil and tend to have a solid base (usually concrete) making them usable both indoors and outdoors. Tanks vary in size and shape depending on their use (e.g. culturing phytoplankton or larval fish) and can range

Ornamental fish grow out

Size grading should be performed often to remove stunted individuals. Sex-sorting should be done when the fish start maturing in order to prevent uncontrolled spawnings which not only reduce the quality of the fish (due to inbreeding) but also slow down the growth rate (as the fish put energy into reproduction rather than growth).   In

Ornamental fish culture Feeding

Juveniles will feed on an artificial diet (33-35% protein) or homemade diets using fishmeal, beef heart, and liver. The fish will also feed on the natural zooplankton in the pond. Adults are fed a formulated diet or flake at a ration of 3-10%, depending on size and species. The food should contain pigments to enhance

Ornamental fish culture spawning

The males and females are placed in a fish tank where they mate. As their name suggests, livebearers give birth to live young, which means no problems with trying to incubate eggs. As the young are born they are able to swim, feed and fend for themselves. However, if there is nowhere for the babies

Rainbow trout Grow-out

Trout eggs are relatively large compared to most other fish eggs. After the fry have hatched and used up their egg sac, they can be fed on  an artificial diet. The fry are usually reared in circular fibre-glass or concrete tanks to maintain a regular current and uniform distribution of the fry. Water is sprayed

Rainbow trout Spawning feeding

In the wild, trout feed on aquatic and terrestrial insects, molluscs, crustaceans, fish eggs and other small fishes. The natural diet is rich in pigment and this is responsible for the orange- pink colour in the flesh. In aquaculture, the addition of pigments in the fish food causes this pink colouration.   Trout feeds have

A man with buckets in a fish farm building.

Rainbow trout Spawning

Rainbow trout is easy to spawn and the large fry can be easily weaned onto an artificial diet (they usually feed on zooplankton). However, the hand-stripping of trout to breed them is a demanding job that requires careful planning and considerable equipment to hatch the eggs and rear the fry successfully (see section on broodstock

Freshwater angelfish or Marbled Angelfish that has a black white and yellow pattern

Tilapia Fish

Tilapia are often referred to as the ‘aquatic chicken’. This is because tilapia are cultured so widely and successfully around the world that they now occur on every continent apart from Antarctica. Tilapia are even grown in cold climates, such as in the UK, where tilapia farms exist in huge heated warehouses.   Whereas tilapia

Grow-out of Common Carp – Cyprinus carpio fish specie

The most suitable ponds for growing out juvenile carp should be shallow, weed-free and drainable (about 0.5 to 1.0 ha in size). The nursery ponds should be prepared prior to stocking to encourage the development of a rotifer population as this provides the fry with their first food. The ponds should be inoculated with other

Spawning of Common Carp – Cyprinus carpio fish specie

Carp mature after three years and in the wild, and spawn every year in the spring, releasing up to 100 000 eggs per kg of fish body weight. In captivity, male and female fish are placed in spawning ponds or tanks during the spawning season. To make the captive broodstock breed, fish can be injected

Sharptooth catfish (Clarias gariepinus)

Sharptooth catfish (Clarias gariepinus) The sharptooth catfish or barbel is a freshwater species and is distributed throughout southern Africa. This is a warmwater species that prefers temperatures between 20-30˚C. Unlike most other fish, catfish do not have scales but rather a naked skin; this makes handling them easier as scales are not lost causing damage

Fresh raw catfish

Can fish be artificially induced to breed

Q: Can fish be artificially induced to breed? A: To some extent, yes, with hormone injections, but they must still be in a near-ready state for reproduction. Trout, carp and catfish are often stripped of their eggs and milt and artificially spawned. Tilapia are usually bred naturally, which they seem to be capable of doing

How many eggs do fish produce, and how often do they breed

Q:   How many eggs do fish produce, and how often do they breed? A: This varies greatly between species. Carp and catfish may breed once a year and produce in excess of 100 000 tiny eggs per female. Tilapia may breed three to four times each summer and may produce 500-1000 eggs per spawning. Guppies

How do fish feel their environment

Q: How do fish feel their environment? A: Fish have a sensory organ called the lateral line which lies along the mid flanks of the fish. This organ is very sensitive and can pick up vibrations in the water, warning the fish of other species or predators in the water or on the bank. Using

Can fish see colour, and do they have good eyesight?

Q: Can fish see colour, and do they have good eyesight? A: Yes, many fish have excellent eyesight and can see a wide variety of colours very efficiently. Many fish, like tilapia, recognize their mates by colour differences during the breeding season. Some species, such as the catfish Clarias gariepinus, have small eyes and poor

How does a fish swim

Q: How does a fish swim? A: A fish swims by contracting its lateral (side) muscles and then flexing the body muscles along its length, which basically pushes the water behind the animal. Fins are mainly used for directional stability. A fish can only move its body one way, so when you see a fish

Fishermen with fishing net

Fish Bouyancy

Most fish are essentially ‘weightless’ in their medium, water, and don’t need energy to stand up like land animals. Fish need to be able to remain and hover at their preferred position in the water using the minimum amount of energy. They do this by controlling their buoyancy which is the ability to alter whether

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Fish Digestion

The digestive system of a fish species depends on what it eats. Fish that eat other fish tend to have a short digestive tract (gut or intestine) as they can get the nutrients they require from their high-protein diet. Plant material is harder to digest as it contains cellulose, which is difficult to break down

Salmon fish farm with floating cages. Aerial view

Fish Movement

Fish have evolved into various shapes and forms depending on how and where they live in water. Fast-swimming species (such as tigerfish or trout) are streamlined and tend to be torpedo- shaped, with big eyes as they use their eyes to hunt. Conversely, bottom-dwellers generally use touch to find their food, like catfish which have

What expertise do I need to undertake my own fish farming venture

A spirit of hard work coupled with preparedness to undertake more than just fish farming itself.  If you are going to call a mechanic every time your vehicle needs an oil change, or      an electrician when you need to wire up a pump, rather go and become a desk-bound civil servant, as fish farming demands

Contour Pond

Construction of Aquaculture Fish Farming System

Leading in Africa on construction of Aquaculture and Fish Farming System. At Southern Africa, Youth Business assist Aquaculture Fish Farmers with the construction of Fish Ponds send us an email for a quotation. Send us a WhatsApp message to +27 84 313 7407. Why do you want to do Aquaculture and Fish Farming System for

Farm salmon fishing in Norway

Construction of fish farm

Are you thinking of building a Fish Farm in your area? Southern Africa Youth Business is the lead in Africa when it comes to building Fish Farms. We offer the following services: Training on Fish Farming both theory (30%) and practicals (70%) Building the Fish Ponds and dams from scratch. Supplying your Fish Farm with

the harvest of farmed fish-over 40's

Fish Farming Harvesting and handling

Harvesting and handling of the fish   When harvesting fish, we always must keep in mind that they are—like all other vertebrates—animals that experience pain and fear if they are mistreated. Thus the fish need to be handled with care and respect, especially in the context of organic farming, and harvesting must be done as

Family home. A boy feeding the fish in a tropical fish tank on a windowsill.

Fish Farming Aquaculture nutrition and feeding

It is very important for you give your Aquaculture Fish Farming Nutrition that is correct The mistake that most fish farmers make is to give their fishes nutrition that is not healthy and not previously tested. We have observed farmers feeding their fishes dog food, some would give them left over food from the kitchen,

Fish hatchery pond

Fish Farming Breeding and juvenile rearing

small fish becoming trapped in the corners. This is essential and an often overlooked procedure; if a few fish become trapped in the corners and die, they will rapidly decompose in warm weather and poison many of the others. The bags are then placed within a cardboard box, bucket or polystyrene box to prevent them

Side view of a lion's head goldfish isolated on white

Basic Fish Farming water quality principles

Monitoring water quality   Regular monitoring of the water quality is important to ensure ideal living conditions for the fish. Turbidity of the pond water – This gives information about its nutrient status. Turbidity is measured using a Secchi disk. The disk is made of metal or plastic (if it is plastic, weight under the

Blue water pipe installation from pump to tank.

Fish Production systems

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Seafood Fish

Aquatic Fish animal biology

Like any animal, a basic understanding of how fish function is necessary if one is to try to culture them. Fish are different to land animals as they have evolved to live in water, which makes movement, breathing, buoyancy and food or predator detection very different to that encountered on land. One of the most

High angle close up of person holding freshly caught trout at a fish farm raising trout.

Fish Farming Advisory

Trust us to give you the best Fish Farming Advisory to help you grow your mind and your business. Southern Africa Youth Business provides Fish Farming Advisory to fish farmers across the globe. We make ourselves available on Skype, Zoom, WhatsApp Video and other channels where you can ask questions, request studies, notes and get

Our Certification programmes

Fish Farming Certification

Did you know that growing fishes and sale for business requires you to have Fish Farming certification. At Southern Africa Youth Business we go an extra mile to find out how you can get Fish Farming certification  from your national, district and local authority. Our Fish Farming Certification includes: Site Audit: We will do a

Fresh raw red tilapia fishes

Introduction to the Aquaculture Fish Farming Industry

The world is growing and the number of people is 3x higher. Introduction to Aquaculture Fish Farming is an urgent priority. Southern Africa Youth Business is introducing Fish Fish Farming as an alternative to providing nutrition and to increase the supply chain in the food market. The population is growing 3 times every day and

Koi pond

We provide Fish Farming Production Audits for farmers

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Our work on Fish Farming Coaching

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We assist with Fish Farming System Design

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Conceptual image of teamwork and support

We provide Fish Farming Mentorship

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Fish Farming Site Selection

The choice of what species should be cultured  in a particular region depends on a number of factors, as discussed below. Location Several introduced (exotic) species have caused or threaten conservation problems to indigenous species due to their hybridisation, the introduction of parasites, or by out- competing naturally occurring species for food or other resources.

Fish Farming Economical Study

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Fish Farming Technical Study

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Fish Farming Layout

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Aquaculture Farming Systems and Environments

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Fish Farming and Aquaculture Health and Safety

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Aquaculture Health and Veterinary Services

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Fish Farming and Aquaculture

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Fish Farming and Aquaculture Breeding Permit

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Introduction into Aquaculture and Fish Farming

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Fish Farming and Aquaculture Import and Export Permit

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Fish Farming and Aquaculture Bio Security

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A man with buckets in a fish farm building.

Fish Farming and Aquaculture Practical Fish Farming Management

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VAT Advanced Training

Fish Farming and Aquaculture Sales Permit

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Commercial Aquaculture and Fish Farming Training

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Intermediary Training

Fish Farming and Aquaculture Operating Permit

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Man fishing by the lake-Fish Broodstock selection

Fish Farming and Aquaculture Catfish Farms and Facilities Construction

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raw fish

Fish Farming and Aquaculture Catfish Sales

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Fish Farming and Aquaculture Catfish Grow out

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Fresh raw fish tilapia.

Fish Farming and Aquaculture Tilapia Sales

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Common Frog

Fish Farming and Aquaculture Hatching

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Fresh raw catfish

Fish Farming and Aquaculture Catfish Fish rearing

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VAT and Companies Tax Training

Fish Farming and Aquaculture fingerling sales

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VAT Implications of Exports

Fish Farming and Aquaculture Fingerling production

Propagation and fingerling production   Tilapia fish breed very easily in breeding ponds. Adult fish will begin mating soon after they are released into ponds, provided that the water temperature is between about 25 and 30 °C. Feeding – The fish should be in good condition before being stocked to the pond. Only some feed,

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Aquaculture Production and Management Systems

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Fish at the market

Aquaculture Production and Management Systems

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Aquaculture and Fish Farming Ecology

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Aquaculture and Fish Farming Nutrition

It is important to know Aquaculture Farming Nutrition At Southern Africa Youth Academy we provide training Aquaculture and Fish Farming Nutrition. We know and understand how painful it can be to see your water dirty because of over feeding and fishes not eating the food you are giving to them. To register for our Aquaculture

Aquaculture Post-Harvest Economics

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Aquaculture Post-Harvest Technologies

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Aquaculture Post-Harvest Marketing

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Aquaculture and Fish Farming Products

Here we shall the list of all the Aquaculture and fish Farming Products you need. At Southern Africa Youth Business we list all the Fish Farming products that you needs to ensure your farm runs smooth. Let us get into it: Water Pump Water Filter UV Light Filter Sand Bricks Cement 32.5 or 42.5 Pond

Is a filtration system necessary for fish ponds

Q:    Is a filtration system necessary? A:    Extensive or semi-intensive earth ponds are generally unfiltered. Many raceway systems are flow-through with no filter. Where water volume is limited, or the fish are cultured intensively, a filter becomes vital to maintain water quality. Fish cannot be grown in small tanks (<5000 l) of stagnant water without

Fish Pond designs

The design and construction of ponds is very important if a fish farm is to operate properly. Ponds are earthen impoundments for holding aquatic species and have been used for thousands of years. Ponds can be holes in the ground (sunken pond), a dammed-off valley or stream bed (barrage pond), or constructed above ground (embankment

Water temperature in a fish pond

Temperature is the hotness or coldness of something and is probably the most important water-quality variable. Unlike mammals, fish are not able to regulate their own body temperature and therefore have a body temperature similar to that of the water around them. Therefore, all fish have a minimum and maximum lethal temperature limit. Temperature affects

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Methods to harvest fish from ponds

Methods to harvest fish from ponds: Assemble equipment Set up holding tanks for the catch Seine net the pond and sort the catch As water level drops, clear catching basin of sludge Catch remaining fish from basin Once purged in holding tanks, pack into drums.

Harvesting from fish ponds

Harvesting from ponds If the pond can be drained, harvest the fish by draining the pond into the catch basin and collecting the fish with a scoop net. If the pond cannot be drained, drain out as much water as possible and use seine nets to catch the fish. It must be remembered that, in

Pond management and maintenance in fish farming

The care of the cultured fish (fish husbandry) is one of the most basic aspects of fish farming, yet one which is often almost ignored in many manuals on fish farming. In all aspects of their lives, fish need to be maintained in conditions that allow them to thrive and grow, or to reproduce well.

Packing un-purged fish taken from dam or pond

Packing un-purged fish taken from a dam or pond It is unwise to pack fish that have been caught from ponds or tanks where they have recently eaten. This is because they have a gut full of food that will be expelled in the packing water, thus polluting it. Tilapia are especially difficult in this

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Pond maintenance for fish farming

Like a farm field, the bottom of a pond must be looked after. Between harvests, pond preparation involves the following steps: Draining and drying the pond Turning the soil Disinfection and liming   The bottom of the pond should be allowed to dry out for 2-4 weeks between harvest cycles. This is to help the

Fertilizing the Fish Pond

Q:    Is it possible to over-fertilize a pond? A:    Yes, if too much is added the pond water becomes anoxic (lacking in oxygen) and the fish will die.

Building the Pond

Let’s Start by building the Pond for your fish farming At Southern Africa Youth Business we travel around the world building fish ponds for commercial and residential use. whether you are looking to build a pond for residential or commercial use. our work includes: Site Audit: We will check the location where you are based.

Stocking the fishes in the pond

Appropriate stocking of the pond   Depending on the available feeding resources, 2 to 4 fish per m² of pond area are appropriate with a sex ratio of one male per 4 to 5 females. The male fish should weigh 200 to 300 grams, the females 700 grams or more. In most Orechromis species, the

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Common Carp – Cyprinus carpio fish specie

Common carp is the most commonly cultured aquaculture species in the world, with more than 10 million tons being produced in 1995. Like cattle, it is domesticated as it is very different to its wild form, both physically (e.g. its shape and scale types) and in its biology (spawning, growth and feeding habits).   In

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Spawning of Tilapia Fish

Once they become sexually mature, tilapia reproduce once every few months. The adults take very good care of their own eggs and fry. If the farmer plans to breed and raise fry, this fish is a good choice because the fish themselves take care of the fry at a stage where many fish of other species

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Feeding of Tilapia Fish

Feeding Oreochromis mossambicus are used to control filamentous algae, which is a habitat for mosquito larvae, thus the tilapia is used to help with malaria control. Tilapia are omnivorous and will feed on an artificial diet in addition to the zooplankton in the pond. Under monoculture conditions, fry (about 1 g) are stocked into nursery

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How do Tilapia fishes breath

Fish obtain oxygen from the water via their gills which are found at the side of the head, covered by the operculum plate. The gills are composed of finely branched filaments (which look like feathers) across which oxygen diffuses from the water into the blood which is then pumped around the body. By actively pumping

How do Tilapia fishes reproduce

Fish breed in a number of different ways. Most lay eggs but some give birth to live young. In freshwater fish, the fertilized eggs usually sink to the bottom or are sticky and therefore stick to plants or rocks. In some species (such as tilapia) the eggs may be collected by the adult fish and

Protection of Fish ponds against Predators and killer birds

Predators such as birds, frogs, otters, snakes and lizards may eat many small fish, thereby reducing the number of fish available at harvest. If predators are found in the pond they should be removed and released far away from it. Fences may need to be installed around the edge of the ponds to prevent predators

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Cages fish farming

Cages can either float in the water or be staked into the ground of the pond (in shallow areas of water). They are usually used between tank and pond culture as they make use of the pond water while still maintaining the control of a small area. There is therefore no control of the water

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Pond construction by Fish Farming Cooperatives

Often fish ponds are built by a number of people who work together and share the benefits of the pond. A cooperative is an organization of people who come together to do something they could not or would not be able to do alone. For instance, this could allow four or five people or families

Type of soil for fish farming

The type of soil available to construct the pond is of the utmost importance if the pond is to hold water, maintain water quality and not fall apart. The soil properties that must be considered for pond construction include:   Physical – The texture, strength, stability and water-holding ability (such as clay) of the Biological

Water availability and quality for fish farming

Water availability and quality There must be sufficient water available to ensure the ponds are always full when holding fish. If water is only available for part of the year, production should be restricted to fall within the same period. As the fish grow they will require more food and in turn will produce more waste.

What is the potential for fish farming of other species

Q: What is the potential for other species? A: Any fish species not indigenous or present in this country has to pass a ‘conservation risk assessment’ with the various nature conservation departments. The protocols for this have not yet been worked out; therefore, it is unlikely that other exotic species have realistic potential at this

How can I get into ornamental fish culture

Q: How can I get into ornamental fish culture? A: It is the marketing that has to be well-organised and the cooperative approach works best. Ornamental aquaculture is well-suited to the concept of ‘aquaculture zones’ where numerous small-scale fish farmers pool their resources and market their product collectively to a central buyer who will help

When can I grow trout Fish in South Africa

Q: Where can I grow trout in South Africa? A: Trout need abundant cool running water to thrive, thus the higher, well-water regions of the Mpumalanga escarpment, KwaZulu-Natal Drakensberg mountains, Eastern Cape Amatola and Drakensberg highlands, and the upland regions of the Western Cape are the best regions for trout. Other more localized regions suitable

Can I grow Tilapia Fish in Highveld

Q: Can I grow tilapia on the Highveld? A: In summer all parts of South Africa are suitable for growing tilapia if the water is over 20˚C. However, winter water temperatures that fall below 13˚C will kill farmed tilapia, and they will not grow well at temperatures below 18˚C. Thus, only a summer ‘crop’ can

Is ornamental fish culture highly specialized and complicated

Q: Is ornamental fish culture highly specialized and complicated? A: No, if this was the case how is it that in the far East thousands of rural farmers make a living from it? Ornamental fish culture can be done in simple small earth ponds, in the warmer parts of the country. Coldwater ornamental fish (goldfish

Rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)

Trout is the most well-established aquaculture species in South Africa. It is very popular as a fishing species as well as a high-value food fish. Trout is not native to South Africa and was introduced over 100 years ago by people who wanted to catch them on a rod and line. Since then they have become established

Advantages and disadvantages of Tilapia Fish

Advantages and disadvantages of tilapia (O. mossambicus) as a candidate species:  Advantages                                                              Feed at a low trophic level (they can eat a wide variety of

Can a farmer use his dam or water storage tank for Tilapia fish farming

Q: Can a farmer use his dam or water-storage tanks for aquaculture? A: Generally, no, in that these tend to be either unmanageable because they cannot be drained and the stock managed, or too small in that the feed needed to grow a worthwhile number of fish would soon pollute the small water volume of

Other Carp Fish Species

Other carp species Other kinds of carp, besides the common carp, are grown in ponds. Most commonly used are the Chinese carps. Some of these are –   Silver carp (Hypophthalmichthys molitrix). This fish eats phytoplankton, but will accept rice bran and bread crumbs. The silver carp gets its name from its silver It has

The parameters of a good water quality in fish farming

Good water quality is essential to the health of fish at all stages of development. Water- quality requirements differ between species and between the different life stages as the fish develop. Many of the water-quality parameters are interlinked and a change in one feature can have an effect on another. Therefore, it is important to

Is predator protection a vital or a luxury in fish farming or aquaculture

Q:    Is predator protection vital or a luxury? A:    It is essential to have protection against animal predators as they can reduce stocks to almost nil if allowed unlimited access to the ponds or tanks. Fish farms in areas near human habitation also need protection against theft of the stock (fencing and alarms) if the

How much water does one need in fish farming or aquaculture

Q: Does one need lots of water for fish farming? A: No, the Israelis (for example) farm fish in one of the driest parts of the world. The quantity of water available determines the methods used, whereby intensive water recirculating methods tend to predominate where water is scarce, and extensive ones where water is abundant.

Do you need a University degree to be Tilapia Fish Farmer

Q: Do you need a university degree in zoology or ichthyology to become a successful fish farmer? A: No, a good practical ability is more important, although a basic understanding of and ‘feel’ for animal husbandry is essential. If you have no ‘feel’ for animals, do not become a fish farmer.

Do Tilapia fishes get sick like land animals

Q: Do fish get sick like land animals? A: Yes, all animals get sick, but fish usually only get sick in large numbers when their environmental conditions are not to their liking, such as the result of polluted water or temperature stress. Because fish are so dependant on their environment, being cold-blooded, diseases are very

Is Tilapia fish Farming profitable

Q: Is fish farming profitable? A: Fish farming is a business just like any other,  and the growing of the fish is only one aspect,  just like the growing of crops is only one aspect of traditional farming. The farmer also needs to be competent at harvesting, processing and selling the harvest, and in running

Learn the types of Aquaculture and Tilapia Fish Farming

The practice of aquaculture varies widely and differs in the intensity of culture, level of water exchange and structures used, with each method having its own set of benefits and problems. Aquaculture can be broadly grouped into three intensities: Extensive – This uses large stagnant ponds that allow only a low stocking density and rely

The history of Aquaculture and Tilapia fish farming

During the late 1960s and 1970s various government agencies promoted freshwater aquaculture. Well-equipped hatcheries were constructed in many parts of the country to supply fingerlings to both private and government projects. Of the 13 government hatcheries then existing, the three remaining are operating at reduced capacity and efficiency. Most of the hatcheries and rural projects

Can I grow fish in a concrete or plastic water storage tank

Q:    Can I grow fish in a concrete or plastic water-storage tank? A:    Not economically; fish tanks are best purpose-built, as they must be shallow, drainable, have clean water (preferably filtered) and be large enough to produce economically viable quantities of fish. One tank does not make a fish farm!

Harvesting and preserving fish

Harvesting and preserving fish Harvesting is the collection of fish from a pond, for selling at market or for cooking and preservation for family use. Harvesting can refer to collecting all the fish or to taking out only some of the fish (this happens often in tilapia ponds which have both young and adult fish).

Do I need to feed my fish with expensive carefully formulated fry diets

Q: Do I need to feed my fish fry with expensive, carefully formulated fry diets? A: No, in general most fry and fingerlings can be reared quite successfully on ordinary crumbles and small pellets, if specifically designed for trout, carp or catfish, combined with some natural foods where possible (like green water full of phytoplankton).

Can I feed fish with kitchen waste

Q: Can I feed the fish with kitchen waste? A: Yes, most tilapia, carp and catfish will readily consume kitchen waste, especially vegetable, meat and grain waste. If introduced in reasonable quantities, what is not immediately eaten will break down to fertilize the pond. Fish reared in tanks or raceways are not usually fed such

How much should a fish be fed

Q: How much should fish be fed? A: Artificial feeds deteriorate very quickly in water, so any feeds not eaten immediately will quickly spoil and become little more than expensive pond ‘fertilizer’. The general rule is to feed what the fish will consume in five minutes.

How often do fishes need feeding

Q: How often do fish need feeding? A: Juvenile fish should ideally be fed three or more times per day, but in reality this is often impossible to do; so two feedings per day is the norm, with one per day for sub-adult fish.

Nutritional requirement for particular fish

As each species eats a different diet, each species of fish has its own nutritional requirements. Carnivorous fish (such as catfish and trout) require a high protein diet (around 40%) which has a high proportion of fishmeal. Herbivorous species require a lower protein content (around 30%) and can be fed a higher proportion of plant

How long will a fish survey in a bucket

Q: How long will fish survive in a bucket? A: Fingerling-sized fish of 4-6 cm will survive at a stocking density of 20-30 fish in a 10 l bucket  for 20-30 minutes; 100 such fish will only last 5-10 minutes before they start gasping at the surface.

How many adult sized fish can I pack in a drum

Q: How many adult-sized fish can I pack in a drum? A: You can pack about 20 purged adult tilapia of 500-550 g (or 20 x 250 g trout) in a 200 l drum with a blower bubbling air through an airstone in it, for a journey of around 4-6 hours, and expect them to

Feeding habits for fishes

Feeding habits It is important to know the feeding preferences of the species being cultured so the correct food can be provided at all times in order to maximize growth. The feeding preferences are determined by observing the fish as well as by examining the gut of naturally occurring fish. Fish (and other animals) can

How many fish fingerlings can I pack in a plastic bag

Q: How many fingerlings can I pack in a plastic bag? A: You should be able to pack 100 x 4 cm purged tilapia fingerlings in 3-4 l of water in an oxygenated double plastic bag, and expect them to survive well for up to 12 hours.

the harvest of farmed fish-over 40's

Do I have to be at the fish farm every day

Q:    Do I have to be at the fish farm every day? A: Someone who is totally competent at running the day-to-day activities outlined in the table  on page 35 must be present every day of the year, including weekends and public holidays. Fish die easily if the wrong environmental conditions develop, and mass-mortality can

Energy requirements for the farmed fish

Fish (and other animals) require food to supply energy for movement and other activities as well as for growth. As fish are ‘cold-blooded’, their body temperature is the same as the water in which they are living. They therefore do not have to use energy to maintain a stabile body temperature and therefore tend to

Why feed a cultured fish

Why feed the cultured fish? A fish farmer may wonder why he needs to add extra feed to his pond when he already adds fertilizer to provide food for the fish. Since food is expensive, the farmer may not be willing to provide the fish with extra food and must therefore be taught why additional

Size Sorting of fishes

Size-sorting the fish After the fish have been collected in buckets, they should be sorted by sizes or species. If sorting is done quickly, small fish can be returned to the pond to allow them to grow further. If size-sorting is needed, it is recommended that one or more portable fish pools be erected in a

Unpacking small fish or fingerlings

Packing small fish or fingerlings Small fish the size of fingerlings (3-8 cm) can be packed in double plastic bags which are then placed in boxes for transport. Packing water must be prepared in advance and should be absolutely clean and of the same temperature and quality as what the fish are used to. Never

Long distance transporting fishes

Long distances A particular procedure is required when moving fish over longer distances, such as when stocking ponds with fingerlings or obtaining broodstock. These fish should never be fed for at least 24 hours (preferably 48 hours with tilapia, due to their long gut length) before transporting them as they will foul the packing water

Short distance transporting of fishes

Short distances When moving fish short distances within the hatchery itself, they can be transported in buckets. Remember that certain fish almost invariably try to leap out of buckets (Tilapia rendalli and catfish) so the buckets need lids or netting covers. Fish that leap out of buckets and fall into dust or earth lose their

Pesticides in fish farming

Like fertilizers with nitrates, chemicals used by farmers to treat plants against pests may find their way into the water. Care must be taken to ensure that the water running off land farms near to aquaculture farms doesn’t have pesticides. Even low levels of pesticides are toxic to fish and many of the other pond

Packing large fishes for transportation

Packing large fish For large fish over 10-12 cm, plastic bags puncture too easily and other containers are used. The best are the blue or green plastic 50-200 l drums with an open top that can be clamped on. For short time intervals (<15 minutes) large fish can be moved around the farm in these

Phosphorus in fish farming

Phosphorus is necessary for the pond organisms to survive and is often important in the regulation of algal growth and subsequent food webs in the pond. The level of phosphorus in ponds is usually around 0.05 mg/l. If a large amount of phosphorus is added in the form of fertilizers, sudden algal and plant blooms

Fish tank and cage management

Tank and cage management Tanks, raceways and cages are all artificial enclosures that need daily management to work efficiently. The life of the fish contained in these structures is entirely dependent on the lifesupport systems installed (pumps, blowers, water flow and climate control in the case of tanks and raceways; feeding and water quality in

Transporting live fish

Transporting live fish One of the most frequent activities on any fish farm is the moving of fish around from one tank to another, or from pond to pond, or even the collection of broodstock from elsewhere. Sorting stock, stocking grow-out tanks, moving broodstock, harvesting fingerlings, sampling growth rates, and catching adult fish for selling

Fertilizers in fish farming

Fertilizers To ensure pond phytoplankton productivity, various nutrients such as nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium, carbon and calcium need to be added regularly. Fertilizers can be inorganic fertilizers or mineral fertilizers, or else organic fertilizers or manures of plant and animal origin. Organic fertilizers Organic manures have been used for a long time. They can be obtained

Nitrogenous compounds or waste products in fish farming

Ammonia is probably the next most important water-quality factor after dissolved oxygen. Ammonia comes from decomposing material, such as plants and dead fish. It also comes from the fish as part of their normal metabolism and is excreted through the gills. If large numbers of fish are kept together the levels of ammonia can quickly

Minimum dissolved oxygen per pH range for the fish farm or aquaculture

Like humans, fish also use oxygen; however, the oxygen available to them is that which is dissolved in the water and is measured in mg per liter. Naturally, oxygen enters the water through the surface of the water and the amount that is capable of entering the water can also be expressed as the percentage

Costs and constrains of periphyton based fish farming

Minimizing feeding costs   The feed is one of the most important factors influencing the growth and health of the fish. Minimizing feeding costs is thus of great interest while ensuring sufficient good quality feed to ensure appropriate growth and good health of the fish. Tilapias can basically be fed by fertilizing the pond with

Supplementary fish feed

Feeding the fish through the integration of plant production Alternatively, to or in addition to adding manure to the pond, materials of plant origin can be used to feed the fish on a low production intensity level. Farm-own vegetal feeds include leftovers from fruits such as papaya or mango. Leaves and other vegetal material are

Aquaculture Fish Farming

We breed, produce and train on Fish Farming in Africa Southern Africa Youth Project provides wide range of training, consulting and management support for government institutions, cooperatives, companies and individuals interested in Fish Farming. Our services includes: Aquaculture Fish Farming Training Management Consulting Fingerlings and Fish Sales Fish Farming Advisory, Mentorship and Coaching. Fish Imports

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